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Burundi to deploy troops to DRC’s volatile east

Burundi will deploy 100 soldiers to the volatile eastern Democratic Republic of Congo [DRC] as part of a regional force, a senior Burundian military officer told the AFP news agency.

On Friday, a senior Burundian army officer told AFP “a company of about 100 soldiers will fly tomorrow to Goma”.

The troops will be deployed in Kitshanga and Kilorirwe — areas occupied by M23 rebels in North Kivu — as well as Sake, he said on condition of anonymity.

An East African Community [EAC] press statement on Friday confirmed Burundian troops would be deployed on Saturday, but did not elaborate on the number of soldiers travelling to the DRC.

According to a new timetable adopted by East African leaders last month, “all armed groups”, including the M23, must withdraw by March 30, following a three-step process that was due to start on February 28.

The seven-nation EAC deployed troops late last year in the eastern DRC, which has been struggling with the rise of militias including the rebel M23.

The fighting in North Kivu province has displaced huge numbers of people and exacerbated regional tensions, with the DRC government accusing Rwanda of backing the M23 — claims denied by Kigali but supported by the US and several Western nations.

The militia re-emerged from dormancy in late 2021, subsequently occupying swathes of territory in North Kivu, including much of the region north of its capital Goma.

The EAC, which has held several meetings to defuse the crisis and called for the withdrawal of the M23 from occupied areas, created a regional force aimed at stabilising the eastern DRC.

But thousands demonstrated in Goma last month, accusing the EAC force of passivity in the face of armed groups.

UN pauses aid flights in DRC’s eastern region after helicopter attack

Border shooting

The crisis has led to a sharp deterioration in ties between Kigali and Kinshasa.

In an incident along the tense border between the two nations, Rwanda’s Defence Ministry said that a soldier from the Congolese armed forces (FARDC) “crossed over from DRC” on Friday evening and shot at Rwandan soldiers manning the area.

“The RDF soldiers returned fire, killing the FARDC soldier on the Rwandan side of the border,” the statement said.

“Several other FARDC soldiers fired at the RDF position resulting in a brief exchange of fire,” it added.

The ministry said “the situation is now calm,” noting that many similar incidents have occurred in the past.

There was no immediate response from DRC officials to the report, which follows similar incidents along the border in June and November last year.

The regional force is expected to include soldiers from Burundi, Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda. But its total intended size remains unclear.

Rebel militias have plagued the eastern DRC for decades, many of them a legacy of regional wars that flared during the 1990s and the early 2000s.

Some 5.5 million people were displaced within the country as of last November, according to the UN agency.

In addition, more than one million had left for a neighbouring country, with more than 500,000 seeking shelter in Uganda alone.

Militant attacks kill over dozen in eastern DRC

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